IBPS Clerk Mains Reasoning (Day-14)

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing new series of Reasoning Questions for IBPS Clerk Mains 2021 so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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Linear row seating arrangement

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions.

Eight persons P, A, Q, B, R, C, S and D are sitting in a row but not necessarily in the same order. Some of them are facing north and some of them are facing south.  D is 40 years old and the persons who are sitting to the left of D are younger than D and the persons who are sitting to the right of D are elder to D. It is also known that

Note: Facing the same direction means, if one is facing north then the other also faces north and vice-versa. Facing the opposite directions means, if one is facing north then the other faces south and vice-versa.

A and S are facing the opposite direction. Two persons are sitting between P and D. The one who is 10 years elder than P sits second to the right of P who sits at one of the ends. Three persons sit between C and B.D faces north. The one who is 54 years old sits second to the left of B. S and C facing the opposite direction. The number of persons sits between B and Q is as same as that of D and R. R faces the same direction as the second eldest person. C’s age is five more than half of D’s age. None of the persons is below 18 years old. The one who is 60 years old sits third to the left of Q. The Sum of ages of Q and R is equal to thrice the age of C and the difference between the ages of R and Q is 15 years. The eldest person is two years elder than the second eldest person. C faces the same direction as the eldest person. Not more than two people facing the same direction are sitting together.

1) Who is the eldest person in the group?

A.S

B.A

C.B

D.P

E.Q

2) Which of the following person sits third to the left of C?

A. The one who is 40 years old

B. The one who is 60 years old

C. The one who is immediate right of B

D.A

E. None of these

3) What is the sum of ages of the third youngest and fourth eldest person in the group?

A.70 Years

B.85 Years

C.60 Years

D.75 Years

E. None of these

4) Who sits immediate right of R?

A.P

B. The one who is second to the right of B

C.A

D. The one whose age is 60

E. Both (C) and (D)

5) Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

i) D and R are facing the same direction

ii) S is younger than A

iii) Q is 60 years old

A. Only (i) and (iii)

B. Only (i) and (ii)

C. Only (ii)

D. Only (i)

E. All (i), (ii) and (iii)

Direction sense

Directions (6-8): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it.

Two persons Rohit and Mohit standing at point Q and point K respectively. Point D is 20m north-east of point Q which is exactly 450. Point K is 12m north of point L, which is 14m west of point A. Point P is 26m west of point R and is 26m north of point G. Point W is 40m east of point Q. point M is 42m east of point H and is 48m south of point R. Point G is 24m east of point D and is north of point W. point H is 36m north of point A.

6) What is the position of Mohit with respect to Point G?

A) South-West

B) South

C) North-East

D) North

E) None of the above

7) What is the distance between point W and point P?

A) 54m

B) 38m

C) 64m

D) 52m

E) Cannot be determined

8) What is the position of point D with respect to point W?

A) North

B) West

C) South-East

D) North-West

E) None of the above

Critical reasoning

Directions (9): Read the passage given below and choose the correct option.

9) A UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report has warned that if the global temperature exceeds 1.5°C it could lead to catastrophic climate change. To limit warming at 1.5° C, greenhouse gas emissions need to decline by 45%. Moreover, renewable energy sources should replace conventional energy sources.

A UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report claims that the global temperature must exceed 1.5°C to prevent catastrophic climate change.

A. The inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e. it properly follows the statement of facts given.

B. The inference is ‘probably true’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of facts given.

C. The data is inadequate i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

D. The inference is ‘probably false’ though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of facts given.

E. The inference is ‘definitely false’ i.e. if the inference is not simply be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

Directions (10): Read the situation given below and choose the correct answer out of the 5 options.

Kisanlal is a farmer in Sanjarpur, a village in UP. He owns a small plot of land on which he grows sugarcane. Kisanlal is facing some troubles in farming, he has the seeds, the pesticides, fertilizers but he doesn’t have a tractor or any other types of equipment to plough the field. Rajpal, another village farmer has a tractor and the ploughing equipment but cannot afford fertilizers or pesticides for his crops. And most of the farmers in the village face the same problem.

10) What should the farmers do?

A. They should take loans from money lenders.

B. Kisanlal should steal Rajpal’s resources.

C. Rajpal should not use fertilizers and pesticides and let the crops be of poor quality.

D. All the farmers should start a cooperative.

E. The farmers should sell off their lands and migrate to the city

Answers :

Directions (1-5):

NOTE:  D is 40 years old and the persons who are sitting to the left of D are younger than D and the persons who are sitting to the right of D are elder to D.

  • D faces north.
  • C’s age is five more than half of D’s age. So C’s age is 25 years.
  • Two persons are sitting between P and D.
  • The one who is 10 years elder than P sits second to the right of P who sits at one of the ends.
  • None of the persons is below 18 years old.
  • Three persons sit between C and B.
  • The one who is 54 years old sits second to the left of B.

From the above statement, we have two possible cases

  • The number of persons sits between B and Q is as same as that of D and R.
  • The one who is 60 years old sits third to the left of Q.

Now the possible cases are,

  • The Sum of ages of Q and R is equal to thrice the age of C and the difference between the ages of Q and R is 15 years. This statement is not satisfied by case 2A because we get the age Q as 45yearsor 75 years. So this case is eliminated.

By solving Q+R=75; R-Q=15, we get Q/R=30 years and Q/R=45 years. We can also know the person second to the right of P is 10 years elder than P. Now P’s age is 20 years.

But in case 2B, R sits left of D it doesn’t satisfy the given condition(D is 40 years old and the persons who are sitting to the left of D are younger than D and the persons who are sitting to the right of D is elder to D). So this case is eliminated.

Now Case 1 becomes

  • The eldest person is two years elder than the second eldest person. For this statement, B is either the eldest or second eldest person in the group. If B is the eldest person then the age of the second eldest person is 58 years. If B is the second eldest then the age of the eldest person is 62 years.
  • C faces the same direction as the eldest person.
  • S and C facing the opposite direction.
  • A and S are facing the opposite direction.
  • R faces the same direction as the second eldest person.

  • Not more than two people facing the same direction are sitting together. For this statement expect case 1A all the cases are eliminated. Now the final arrangement becomes

1) Answer: C

2) Answer: C

3) Answer: D

4) Answer: C

5) Answer: D

Directions (6-8):

6) Answer: A

7) Answer: B

8) Answer: D

9) Answer: E

The report by a UN Intergovernmental Panel claims that the global temperature must not exceed 1.5°C  to prevent catastrophic climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions need to decrease by 45%, hence option e is the answer.

10) Answer: D

As all the farmers are lacking something or the other, so if they come together as a cooperative they can pool their resources and use them with no additional costs and hence cultivate efficiently. While all other options make them pay from their pockets or guarantee uncertainties as in the case of migrating to the city. Option 4 is the only one providing an alternative which is helping everyone out and also ensuring that resources don’t go to waste.

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