States and Capitals of India: Check PDF List for Preparation

States and Capitals of India:

States and Capitals of India are available here. Dear Spartans, for competitive exams like banking, SSC, UPSC, Railway, etc. General awareness section is available. In that section, you can expect questions from the States and capitals of India 2021 pdf. So use it for preparation purposes.

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States & Union Territories of India:

India is a diverse country with 28 states and 8 union territories. In each state, people follow different cultures and speak various languages. In the pre-independence time, India has been ruled by many ethnic groups. At the time of British rule, India has been divided into provinces or presidencies. After the independence, there have been some merges and changes in the provinces list. Then after the formation of the Constitution of India on Jan 26th of 1950, India is divided into states. After the independence, the formation of states and Union Territories happened as below.

  • After the new republic was also declared to be a “Union of States”, India is divided into 3 parts of states. The constitution of 1950 distinguished between three main types of states.
  • They are Part A, Part B, and Part C types of states.
  • Part A contained 9 states. In part B, 8 states were present. In part C, 10 states were present. Andaman and Nicobar island is the only territory in Part D.
  • Then the reorganization of states happened in the period between 1951 to 1956.
  • Post-1956, many states were formed and altered in the list through the reorganization act.

As of now, there are totally 28 states and 8 Union territories in India. We have mentioned the capitals of all states and Union Territories.

Important points about our States and Capitals of India

  • India is the 7th largest country in accordance with the area.
  • 2nd largest country in accordance with the population.
  • India is also known as the Republic of India.
  • Total area covered is 32,87,263Sq km.
  • Three sides of India is fully covered by the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal, and the Arabian Sea.
  • In defence service India having the second largest military system in the world.
  • Delhi is the capital of India, having 28 states and 8 Union territories which is under the control of the parliamentary system. Delhi is also called as National Capital Region (NCR).
  • India’s motto is “Satyameva Jayate” (in Sanskrit) which was translated into English as “Truth Alone Triumphs”.
  • India’s National Anthem is “Jana Gana Mana” which was composed by Rabindranath Tagore.
  • National Song is “Vanthe Matharam”.
  • The largest city in our India is Mumbai.
  • Mumbai is the most populous city in India.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India.
  • Sikkim has the least populous state in India.
  • Majuli Island is the largest river island situated in Assam.

National Flag, Symbol & Emblems:

  • Indian flag having a tricolor namely Saffron (at the top), White with a navy blue wheel having 24 spokes (in the middle), and India Green (in the bottom). This was designed by Pingali venkayya.
  • Sarnath Lion Capital is the emblem of India.
  • National Calendar is Saka.
  • The national animal for the land is Tiger. For aquatic River Dolphin.
  • The national bird is Indian peafowl.
  • The national flower is Lotus.
  • National fruit is Mango.
  • Our National tree is Banyan.
  • National River is Ganga.

These are the national symbols and Emblems of our country. Now you can refer the states and capitals of our country here.

States and Capitals of India – National Capital

India is a Federal union holding with 28 States and 8 Union Territory. New Delhi is officially announced as the National Capital of India also commonly called NCR (National Capital Region). Delhi is also one of the Union Territories of India.

Capital of India New Delhi


States and Capitals of India

India is a union of States and also second-most populous country across the world located in South Asia. Globally know India has a culture and traditional values. How many States in India? – India Compressed with 28 States and 8 Union Territories. There was a proposal of splitting Andhra Pradesh into AP & Telangana. After 02nd June 2014, the proposal of Telangana has been established and the capital of Telangana is Hyderabad. The AP State capital has changed into Amaravati which is located in Guntur district. Here you can get overwhelmed information about the States and capitals of India. Also, you can get current updates and changes on the States and capitals of India.

List of States and Capitals of India
States of India Capitals
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Capital- Amaravati

Executive Capital- Visakhapatnam

Judicial Capital- Kurnool

Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
Assam Dispur
Bihar Patna
Chhattisgarh Raipur
Goa Panaji
Gujarat Gandhinagar
Haryana Chandigarh
Himachal Pradesh Shimla (Summer)

Dharamshala (Winter)

Jharkhand Ranchi
Karnataka Bengaluru
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
Maharashtra Mumbai
Manipur Imphal
Meghalaya Shillong
Mizoram Aizawl
Nagaland Kohima
Odisha Bhubaneswar
Punjab Chandigarh
Rajasthan Jaipur
Sikkim Gangtok
Tamil Nadu Chennai
Telangana Hyderabad
Tripura Agartala
Uttar Pradesh Prayagraj
Uttarakhand Gairsain (Summer)

Dehradun (Winter)

West Bengal Kolkata


 Union Territories and Their Capitals:

There are 8 Union Territories available across India as of now. Union territories are ruled directly by the Central Government of India. In recent years 2 major changes have happened in the Union Territories list. They are,

  • In August 2019, the Jammu and Kashmir State was bifurcated into 2 Union Territories. (ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir).
  • In January 2020, the union territories, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu are combined into a single Union Territory.

After these two changes, there are 8 Union Territories in India now. Our Union Home Minister Amit Shah had proposed a resolution in the Upper House (Rajya Sabha) to repeal Article 370 from Jammu & Kashmir which gives special status for the state Jammu & Kashmir. Article 370 is a temporary provision granting special autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir. Now the Government of India has scrapped the article 370 and divide Jammu & Kashmir into two Union Territories (UTs). One is Jammu & Kashmir and another one is Ladhak. Jammu & Kashmir is having with a Legislature & Ladhak is without having a Legislature.

Union Territories and Capitals

Now the capital of newly formed Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu union territory is Daman. Also, the capitals of all Union Territories are added here for your reference. Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, and Puducherry are the 3 Union territories that have CM. The other Union territories are managed by administrators or the Lieutenant governors.

Union Territories & National Capital Territory Capitals
Delhi (National Capital Territory of Delhi or NCT) New Delhi
Andaman & Nicobar Islands Port Blair
Chandigarh Chandigarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu Daman
Jammu & Kashmir Srinagar (Summer capital)

Jammu (winter capital)

Lakshadweep Kavaratti
Puducherry Pondicherry
Ladakh Leh (summer capital)

Kargil (winter capital)


Here we provide the complete collections of India along with States and Capitals of India. Hope this states and capitals of India article will be useful for everyone who are preparing for exams. Kindly utilize this free article to increase your confidence and score good marks in your exams. These 28 states and 8 Union territories list are very simple to read. You cannot expect changes in the list very often. If any changes happened we will update it further. You can utilize it for the exam preparation in an efficient manner.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Here we have added some common FAQs regarding the list of states and capitals of India. Refer to it and know the information about states and capitals of India.

Q: At present, there are how many states and Union territories in India?

A: There are totally 28 states and 8 Union Territories in our country.

Q: What are the Union Territories formed on bifurcation of Jammu & Kashmir state?

A: One is Ladakh. The other Union territory is Jammu & Kashmir.

Q: Which Union Territories were merged together in January 2020?

A: The two Union Territories Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu are merged into a single Union Territory.

Q: Which Two states have the same capital?

A: The Punjab and Haryana states have Chandigarh as the same capital.

Q: What are the summer and winter capitals of the newly formed Ladakh Union Territory?

A: The summer capital of Ladakh is Leh. Whereas the winter capital is Kargil.

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