States and capitals of India are available here. Dear Spartans, for competitive exams like banking, SSC, UPSC, Railway etc. general awareness section is available. In general awareness section , you can expect questions from States and capitals of India. So use it for preparation purposes.
In the static Gk topic, states and capitals of India is one of the most important topics for every competitive exam. States and capitals of India topic play a vital role in every competitive exam. Not in exam point of view, every citizen should know the states and capitals of India. So if you prepare well in this States and Capitals of India topic means surely there is a possibility for getting 1 mark in your exams. There is a possibility for 1 question from this states and capitals of India topic.
In competitive exams, general awareness is the one easily scoring part for everyone . Because in general awareness sections you will get the question from what you prepared for the exams. Mostly the general awareness section having subtopics of current affairs and static Gk. In these subtopics, we can score easily in static Gk. Because current affairs will get changing day by day but Static Gk topics will never get changed. We have updated here the states and capitals of India list here. So Spartans who are all preparing for competitive exams should spend more time on general awareness to get good marks.
States & Union Territories of India:
India is a diverse country with 28 states and 8 union territories. In each state people follow different culture and speak various languages. In the pre-independence time, India has been ruled by many ethnic groups. At the time of British rule, India has been divided into provinces or presidencies. After the independence, there has been some merges and changes in the provinces list. Then after the formation of the Constitution of India in Jan 26th of 1950, India is divided into states.After the independence, the formation of states and Union Territories happened as below.
- After the new republic was also declared to be a “Union of States”, India is divided into 3 parts of states. The constitution of 1950 distinguished between three main types of states.
- They are Part A, Part B, and Part C types of states.
- The part A contained 9 states. In part B, 8 states were present. In part C, 10 states were present. Andaman and Nicobar island is the only territory in the part D.
- Then the reorganization of states happened in the period between 1951 to 1956.
- Post 1956, many states were formed and altered in the list through the reorganization act.
As of now there are totally 28 states and 8 Union territories in India. We have mentioned the capitals of all states and Union Territories.
Important points about our States and Capitals of India
- India is the 7th largest country in accordance with the area.
- 2nd largest country in accordance with the population.
- India is also known as the Republic of India.
- Total area covered is 32,87,263Sq km.
- Three sides of India is fully covered by the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
- In defence service India having the second largest military system in the world.
- Delhi is the capital of India, having 28 states and 8 Union territories which is under the control of the parliamentary system. Delhi is also called as National Capital Region (NCR).
- India’s motto is “Satyameva Jayate” (in Sanskrit) which was translated into English as “Truth Alone Triumphs”.
- India’s National Anthem is “Jana Gana Mana” which was composed by Rabindranath Tagore.
- National Song is “Vanthe Matharam”.
- The largest city in our India is Mumbai.
- Mumbai is the most populous city in India.
- Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India.
- Sikkim has the least populous state in India.
- Majuli Island is the largest river island situated in Assam.
National Flag, Symbol & Emblems:
- Indian flag having tricolour namely Saffron (at the top), White with a navy blue wheel having 24 spokes (in the middle) and India Green (in the bottom). This was designed by Pingali venkayya.
- Sarnath Lion Capital is the emblem of India.
- National Calendar is Saka.
- National animal for land is Tiger. For aquatic River Dolphin.
- The national bird is Indian peafowl.
- The national flower is Lotus.
- National fruit is Mango.
- Our National tree is Banyan.
- National River is Ganga.
These are the national symbols and Emblems of our country. Now you can refer the states and capitals of our country here.
States and Capitals of India – National Capital
India is a Federal union holding with 28 States and 8 Union Territory. New Delhi is officially announced as National Capital of India also commonly called NCR (National Capital Region). Delhi is also one of the Union Territories of India.
|Capital of India||New Delhi|
States and Capitals of India
India is a union of States and also second most populous country across the world located in South Asia. Globally know India has culture and traditional values. India Compressed with 28 States and 8 Union Territories. There was a proposal of splitting Andhra Pradesh into AP & Telangana. After 02nd June 2014, the proposal of Telangana has been established and the capital of Telangana is Hyderabad. The AP State capital has changed into Amaravati which is located in Guntur district. Here you can get overwhelmed information about States and capitals of India. Also, you can get current updates and changes on States and capitals of India.
|List of States and Capitals of India|
|States of India||Capitals|
|Andhra Pradesh||Legislative Capital- Amaravati|
Executive Capital- Visakhapatnam
Judicial Capital- Kurnool
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla (Summer)|
Union Territories and Their Capitals:
There are 8 Union Territories available across India as of now. Union territories are ruled directly by the Central Government of India. In recent years 2 major changes have happened in the Union Territories list. They are,
- In August 2019, the Jammu and Kashmir State was bifurcated into 2 Union Territories. (ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir).
- In January 2020, the union territories, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu are combined into a single Union Territory.
After these two changes, there are 8 Union Territories in India now. Our Union Home Minister Amit Shah had proposed a resolution in the Upper House (Rajya Sabha) to repeal Article 370 from Jammu & Kashmir which gives special status for the state Jammu & Kashmir. The article 370 is a temporary provision granting special autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir. Now the Government of India has scrapped the article 370 and divide the Jammu & Kashmir into two Union Territories (UTs). One is Jammu & Kashmir and another one is Ladhak. Jammu & Kashmir is having with a Legislature & Ladhak is without having a Legislature.
Union Territories and Capitals
Now the capital of newly formed Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu union territory is Daman. Also the capitals of all Union Territories are added here for your reference. Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, and Puducherry are the 3 Union territories that have CM. The other Union territories are managed by administrators or the Lieutenant governors.
|Union Territories & National Capital Territory||Capitals|
|Delhi (National Capital Territory of Delhi or NCT)||New Delhi|
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||Port Blair|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu||Daman|
|Jammu & Kashmir||srinagar (Summer capital)|
Jammu (winter capital)
|Ladakh||Leh (summer capital)|
Kargil (winter capital)
Here we provide the complete collections of India along with States and Capitals of India. Hope this states and capitals of India article will be useful for everyone who are preparing for exams. Kindly utilize this free article increase your confidence and score good marks in your exams. These 28 states and 8 Union territories list are very simple to read. You cannot expect changes in the list very often. If any changes happened we will update it further. You can utilize it for the exam preparation in an efficient manner.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Here we have added some common FAQs regarding the list of states and capitals of India. Refer it and know the information about states and capitals of India.
Q: At present there are how many states and Union territories in India?
A: There are totally 28 states and 8 Union Territories in our country.
Q: What are the Union Territories formed on bifurcation of Jammu & Kashmir state?
A: One is Ladakh. The another Union territory is Jammu & Kashmir.
Q: Which Union Territories were merged together in January 2020?
A: The two Union Trritories Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu are merged into a single Union Territory.
Q: Which Two sates have the same capital?
A: The Punjab and Haryana states have Chandigarh as the same capital.
Q: What are the summer and winter capitals of newly formed Ladakh Union Territory?
A: The summer capital of Ladakh is Leh. Whereas the winter capital is Kargil.