SBI Clerk Mains English (Day-72)

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Phrase replacement

Direction (1-5): Which of the following phrases (i), (ii), and (iii) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (E) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer

1) I hope you do not mind me borrowing your brother’s black suit for a day.

i)  do not mind me borrowing you

ii)  do not mind my borrowing your

iii)  does not mind me borrowing your

  1. Only i
  2. Only ii
  3. Only iii
  4. i and iii
  5. No correction required

2) Never I have seen such a beautiful dress in my entire life.

i)  Never have seen such a

ii)  Never I seen such a

iii) Never have I seen such a

  1. Only i
  2. Only ii
  3. Only iii
  4. i and ii
  5. No correction required

3) Hardly we began to discuss the serious issue than we were interrupted.

i)  Hardly we began to discuss the serious issue that

ii)  Hardly had we began to discuss the serious issue than

iii)  Hardly had we begun to discuss the serious issue when

  1. Only i
  2. Only ii
  3. Only iii
  4. ii and iii
  5. No correction required

4) Dwayne Johnson, as well as his bodyguards, were seen entering the stadium.

i) was seen entering

ii)  were seen enter

iii)  had been seeing entering

  1. Only i
  2. Only ii
  3. Only iii
  4. i and iii
  5. No correction required

5) He had given me informations about the equipments which was scheduled to arrive on Tuesday.

i)  information about the equipments which were

ii)  an information about the equipment which was

iii)  informations about the equipment which was

  1. Only i
  2. Only ii
  3. Only iii
  4. i and ii
  5. No correction required

Error spotting

Direction (6-10): In the given question, a sentence is divided into four parts. There are errors in three parts. Choose the part which doesn’t have an error. If all the four parts are correct, mark E, i.e. ‘All are correct’ as the answer.

6) More than 400 people with symptoms(A)/ were admit to different hospitals(B)/ and over 1,100 shifted to government-run quarantine facility(C)/ in Delhi alone in Monday and Tuesday, officials said(D).

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. All are correct

7) We are not see(A)/ no variation from(B)/ what is being saw on(C)/ how this strain is behaving around the world(D).

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. All are correct

8) Among chants of ‘Jai Sri Ram’, hundreds of devotees assembled (A)/ in the temples on the occasion of Ram Navami on Thursday, (B)/ giving a thumbs down to social distancing norms prescribed (C)/ during the upgoing nationwide lockdown period. (D).

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. All are correct

9)  He said the Delhi government prepared(A)/ an list of the people evacuated,(B)/ along with there phone numbers, (C)/and the police were looking in it(D).

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. All are correct

10) An US government’s emergency stockpile(A)/ of protective equipment is(B)/ near exhausted because of the extraordinary demands (C)/of a coronavirus pandemic(D).

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E. All are correct

Answers :

Directions (1-5) :

1) Answer. B

Whenever we use Gerunds, we need to use possessive adjectives (such as my, his, her, their, our, your etc) before them.

‘My’ is the possessive form of the pronoun ‘I’ or ‘me’. On the other hand, ‘me’ is the objective case of the pronoun.

Here in the given question sentence “borrowing” is the gerund. The word “borrowing” here plays the role of a noun. Gerund is V1+ing form used as a noun. As a result we have to use “my” before “borrowing”.

Therefore option B is the correct answer choice here.

2) Answer. C

This is the case of inversion as given in the question sentence.

The normal structure of a sentence is:- “Subject + helping verb +main verb+ ….”

However, in the case of inversion, the structure changes to:- “Helping verb+ Subject+ Main verb+…”

In the case of inversion, we start the sentence with the helping verb instead of the subject. Thus the given sentence becomes “Never have I seen…..”

Inversion is generally used to emphasize the fact that in my whole lifetime I have never seen such a beautiful dress.

Therefore option C is the correct answer choice here.

3) Answer. C

Whenever adverbs like hardly, scarcely, no sooner etc are used in the beginning of a sentence they are always followed by a helping verb.

Here the helping verb “had” needs to be used just after “hardly”.  The adverbs ‘hardly’,’ scarcely’, ‘barely’ are always followed by “when”.

‘No sooner’ is followed by ‘than’.

Therefore option C is the correct answer choice here.

4) Answer. A

Whenever two subjects are connected by ‘as well as’, ‘together with’, ‘more than one’, ‘no less than’, unlike’, ‘and not’, ‘with’, ‘like’ etc. the verb always agrees with the first subject.

In the given sentence the subject prior to ‘as well as’ is singular, and as a result a singular verb ‘was’ needs to be used.

Therefore option A is the correct answer choice here.

5) Answer. B

There are certain words like equipment, furniture, jewellery, luggage, machinery, poetry, scenery, advice, information, hair, baggage etc. These words do not exist in their plural forms because they all are uncountable nouns.

Hence in the given statement ‘information’ should be used in place of ‘informations’, and ‘equipment’ should be used in place of ‘equipments’.

Therefore option B is the correct answer choice here.

Directions (6-10) :

6) Answer: A

Out of the given parts, part A is error free.

In part B, ‘were admit’ is incorrect here. After ‘were’ we can use either continuous form or participle form of the verb. As the sentence is in passive voice so we should use past participle form of the verb. So ‘were admitted’ will be the correct here.

In part C, ‘quarantine facility’ is incorrect here. Instead we should use ‘quarantine facilities’ as there are more than one quarantine facilities available.

In part D, ‘in Monday and Tuesday’ is incorrect here. ‘Over’ will be the correct preposition here. Here it refers to the period of time of Monday and Tuesday.

So, the correct choice will be option A.

7) Answer: D

Out of the given parts, part D is error free.

In part A, ‘see’ is incorrect here. As the sentence is n present continuous tense ‘seeing’ will be the correct choice.

In part B, ‘no variation’ is incorrect here. We cannot use double negative in the same sentence. ‘Any variation’ will be the correct choice.

In part C, ‘is being saw’ is incorrect here. As the sentence is in passive voice so we should use past participle form of the verb. So ‘is being seen’ will be the correct choice.

So, the correct choice will be option D.

8) Answer: C

Out of the given parts, part C is error free.

In part A, ‘amid’ should be used in place of ‘among’. Amid is used in uncountable things. Among is used in more than two countable things or people.

In part B, ‘the’ should not be used before temples. We should not use ‘the’ before places for which they are being made, that is, when their primary purpose is being served. But when they are being used for a secondary purpose, then we use ‘the’. Eg:- The temple is beside the mosque.

In part D, ‘ongoing’ should be used. There is no such term as ‘upgoing’. Ongoing means continuing or still in progress.

So, the correct choice will be option C.

9) Answer: A

Out of the given parts, part A is error free.

In part B, ‘an list’ is incorrect here. Article is incorrect here. We should use ‘a’ instead.

In part C, ‘there phone numbers’ is incorrect here, as ‘there’ does not make any sense. ‘Their’ should be the correct choice here.

In part D, ‘looking in it’ is incorrect here. Here incorrect preposition is used. ‘Into’ will be the correct choice here.

So, the correct choice will be option A.

10) Answer: B

Out of the given parts, part B is error free.

In part A, ‘An US government’ is incorrect here. Before the country name we should use ‘the’. We always use ‘the’ before USA, USSR, Hague etc.

In part C, ‘near exhausted’ is incorrect here. Before the verb ‘exhausted’ we should use the adverb, i.e ‘nearly’.

In part D, ‘a coronavirus pandemic’ is incorrect here. Before name of any pandemic we should use ‘the’.

So, the correct choice will be option B.

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