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SBI PO Prelims English (Day-13)

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Sentence improvement

Direction (1-5): In the given question, a part of the sentence is printed in bold. Below the sentence, alternatives to the emboldened part are given as (A), (B), (C) and (D), which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative out of the given five options. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer will be option (E), i.e., “No correction required”.

1) People who believes in conspiracy theories have a different way of thinking.

  1. People who believed
  2. People who believe
  3. People who had believed
  4. People believed
  5. No correction required

2) There is immense enthusiasm in the tech and start-up community to create world class ‘made in India’ apps.

  1. between the tech and start-up community
  2. surrounding the tech and start-up community
  3. about the tech and start-up community
  4. among the tech and start-up community
  5. No correction required

3)  I will not let you go unless you will bless me.

  1. except you would bless me
  2. unless you bless me
  3. unless you would bless me
  4. unless you don’t bless me
  5. No correction required

4) Judge asked the police, ”What evidences have you got to proving him guilty?”

  1. have they got to prove him guilty
  2. had you got to proved him guilty
  3. have you got to prove him guilty
  4. have you got to proved him guilty
  5. No correction required

Answer: C

The form ‘to prove’ is to-infinitive which is used to express the verb where ‘to’ must be followed by the first form of the verb. Thus ‘to proving’ or ‘to proved’ cannot be used.          Again in option A, ‘they’ cannot be used in the direct speech.

So option C is the correct option choice.

5) Rita’s grandfather was afflicted by leprosy.

  1. afflicted to leprosy
  2. afflicted in leprosy
  3. afflicted for leprosy
  4. afflicted with leprosy
  5. No correction required

Fill in the blanks

Direction (6-10): In the given questions, one statement with a blank is given

along with four words. Two of the given words can fit into the given blank.

Five options with various combinations of these words are given. Pick up

the combination of the words that fits into the blank. 

6) The recent Chinese aggression in the Galwan valley has understandably _____________ our sense of outrage.

a) Ignited

b) Dampen

c) Inflamed

d) Extinguish

a-b

  1. b-c
  2. a-c
  3. b-d
  4. c-d

7) Cutting off or reducing trade and similar economic actions can have a ___________ effect only if the country adopting these measures has sufficient clout .

a) Beneficial

b) Punitive

c) Rewarding

d) Retaliatory

  1. b-d
  2. b-c
  3. c-a
  4. d-c
  5. a-b

8)  Any sudden___________ in the import of raw materials and intermediate goods can have a significantly larger impact on any country’s economy.

a) Disruption

b) Rebuild

c) Obstruction

d) Mend

  1. b-c
  2. c-d
  3. a-d
  4. c-a
  5. a-b

9) The subsequent notification of outbreaks and responses including lockdowns and quarantining must be standard operating procedures if we are to be___________ in the pandemic fight.

a) Victorious

b) Defeated

c) Triumphant

d) Unsuccessful

  1. c-d
  2. a-c
  3. a-b
  4. b-d
  5. a-d

10)  The regulatory authority is investigating if hospitals are hoarding the drugs after ___________ these directly from manufacturers.

a) Procuring

b) Abandoning

c) Forfeit

d) Acquiring

  1. a-d
  2. b-a
  3. c-a
  4. c-d
  5. b-d

Answers :

Directions (1-5) :

1) Answer: B

People here refers to plural noun so the verb used should not have ‘s’. Again it can be seen from the other part that the sentence is in present tense so the past form cannot be used in the bold part. Hence option B is the correct answer choice.

2) Answer: D

‘Among’ is used when talking about people or things that are not distinct and are viewedas a group. In the given sentence, the tech and start-up community refer to the same community or group thus ‘among’ fits the sentence properly. ‘Between’ is used when naming distinct and individual items. ‘surrounding’ and ‘about’ are inappropriate here.
Hence option D is the correct answer choice.

3) Answer: B

‘except’ is used to introduce a clause forming an exception to something previously stated while ‘unless’ is except on a specified condition. Now as the main clause is in future tense, ‘would’ cannot be used. So options A and C are wrong. ‘Unless’ is used in conditional sentences instead of ‘if not’, so option D makes no sense.

Thus, option B is the correct answer choice.

4) Answer: C

The form ‘to prove’ is to-infinitive which is used to express the verb where ‘to’ must be followed by the first form of the verb. Thus ‘to proving’ or ‘to proved’ cannot be used.      Again in option A, ‘they’ cannot be used in the direct speech.

So option C is the correct option choice.

5) Answer: D

‘afflicted with’ is used when the disease stays for long period of time like asthma and leprosy while ‘afflicted by’ is used when the disease or illness stays for a shorter period of time. Rest all other options have wrong use of preposition.

Therefore option D is the correct answer choice.

Directions (6-10) :

6) Answer:  C

The sentence talks about The recent Chinese aggression in the Galwanvalley  that has erupted a sense of anger in the citizens. Here the most suitable word will be Ignited and Inflamed, as both have the same meaning, that is to arouse an emotion. Hence, answer is C.

Dampen means to diminish or reduce, which doesn’t fit the sentence here.

In the same way, Extinguish means to put off or destroy something, therefore doesn’t give a meaning to the sentence either.

7) Answer: A

The sentence talks about the increase in tensions between two countries where one takes some action as cutting off trade as disciplinary actions. Here the most suitable words will be Punitive and Retaliatory, both having the same meaning, that is making an attack in return of similar attack. Hence, answer is A.

Beneficial and Rewarding are antonyms to the answers and thus doesn’t fit the sentence.

8) Answer: D

The given sentence talks about the negative impact on any country’s economy if the import of raw materials and intermediate goods are stopped suddenly . The most appropriate words would be Disruption and Obstruction, both meaning the same, that is to upset. Hence, the correct answer choice is D.

Rebuild means to build something again after the damage, which is exactly opposite to what the sentence is hinting at, hence its unsuitable here. In the same way, Mend means to repair which won’t fit here.

9) Answer: B

The given statement talks about the fight against the recent pandemic can be only won if we follow the standard operating procedures in lockdowns and quarantining ourselves, hence the only words which means winning are Victorious and Triumphant. Therefore, the correct answer choice is B.

Defeated and Unsuccessful are antonyms to the answers and thus doesn’t fit the sentence.

10) Answer: A

The given sentence is about the hospitals stacking up the drugs illegally after buying it directly from the manufacturers. So, the only words which means to obtain are, Procuring and Acquiring. Hence, the correct answer choice is A.

Abandoning means cease to support or prohibit, which when applied in this sentence doesn’t make sense, whereas Forfeit means deprived of, which also doesn’t fit here.

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