“20-20” English Question | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 Day-11

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“20-20” English Questions | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 (Day-11)

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Direction (Q 1-5): In given sentences phrase is represented in bold which may be incorrect so you have to find the correct phrase in place of that if the phrase is correct in the given sentences than mark no correction required as your answer.

  1. This Independence Day see the launch of a new Bhojpuri entertainment channel, Dishum TV, to add to the entertainment matrix of nearly 15 television channels dedicated to a language spoken by about 33 million speakers in the country.
  1. will see
  2. saw
  3. will be seen
  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required
  1. However, though the language is one of the fastest-growing ones in the world — spoken by citizens of at least nine countries apart from India — and its film industry is worth Rs. 2,000 crore, not much seriousness is given to it when this comes to either journalistic writing or academic research.
  1. It come
  2. it comes to
  3. it come to
  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required
  1. The article ‘Bhojpuri Consolidation in Hindi Territory’ by Akshaya Kumar try to trace the rise, fall, and the regrouping of Bhojpuri cinema since 2004 by centring it at its primary pivot, the male singing star.
  1. Tried tracing
  2. Try tracing
  3. tried to trace
  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required
  1. The article also traced the origins of saucy lyrics in Bhojpuri songs not just to the already-high sleaze quotient in its music, but also the exhibition space where the film first became.

A. Firstly films became

B. Films became firstly.

C. films first became

  1.   only A
  2.   only B
  3.   Only C
  4.   A & B
  5.   No correction required
  1. Here, Avijit Ghosh’s book Cinema Bhojpuri (2010) provided an explanation by telling that the urban cinema of the decade had an alienating influence on a section of the audience that could not identify with the “feel-good, upper-class, urban-centric” Hindi cinema that was in vogue at that time.

A. alienated influence

B. alienating influencing

C. alienating influenced

  1.   only A
  2.   only B
  3.   Only C
  4.   A & B
  5.   No correction required

Directions (Q. 6-10):Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical mistakes/error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part with the error as your answer. If there is no error, mark ‘No error’ as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any)

  1. a)Organisations have/ b) recognised this/ c)growing trend and/ d) consider it a positive step./ e) No error

7). a)If you do not get enough sleep/ b)apart of health problems/ c)you also run the risk of/ d) making bad financial decisions./ e) No error

8). a)On the next month onwards/ b) you will not get the smartcard for your car/ c)and will have to collect/ d)its paper version by speed post./ e)No error

9). a)While what you apply/b) to your skin is an essential part/ c)of your skincare regime, what you eat are/ d) of equal importance./ e) No error

10). a)Infuse a sense of/ b) joy and enthusiasm / c) into your daily work/ d) to make it more interesting./ e) No error

Directions (Q. 11-20): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

‘Water scarcity looms large in the state.’ This headline is enough to disturb people who have yet to forget the days when taps flowed for an hour every second day and long queues in front of public hydrants needed police presence to maintain order. But then, it was a fact that in Rajasthan, drinking water had to be transported by train last year. And hasn’t someone predicted that the next war will be fought not over oil but for water?

What comes like a heavenly blessing in this somber setting is the hope ignited by watershed management effort in Madhya Pradesh. And the charm of it is that no aid or know-how had to be imported. It was just robust commonsense along with unstinted public participation that made the difference.

The Deendayal Research Institute, in collaboration with the District Rural Development Agency, Majhgawan (Satna), took up an area of 12,536 hectares and formed 17 micro watershed schemes to tackle low productivity, lack of irrigation, areceding water table, shortage of drinking water, high soil erosion, etc. The ‘watershed area’ — the area over which rainwater collects — was taken as a unit. Contour trenching and bunding check the flow of water. Trenches are excavated and bunds erected (with the soil taken out) to check the free flow of the water. This prevents soil erosion while plenty of percolated water raises its sub-soil level.

The vision of water management programmes is as simple as they can be. Instead of tanks or dams, water is kept where nature keeps it — underground. Thus, there is no loss due to evaporation. The old philosophy of ‘water should not be allowed to run, it should walk’ has been replaced by the new one which states that ‘water should creep and, ultimately, come to a halt’.

The whole point is to ensure that not a single drop is allowed to flow more than 10 metres above the surface. The paradoxical scenario will be of dry streams and unfilled tanks in the rainy season. Instead, the water that seeps in, reappears in wells, tube-wells, pond and stop-dams later when and where wanted.

This strategy is the result of a calculated comparison of costs. An assessment was made of the amount of water saved and the expense incurred in each of the approaches available in the village of Dantha in Khandwa district. The cost of water secured through contour trenches, earthen checks, etc worked out to just 4 paise per litre. The system is so watertight that even if it rains up to 10 centimetres a day — double the average daily downpour at Cherapunji, one of the heaviest rain receivers in the world — not a drop of water will flow down the drain. The result is a water surplus even in conditions of low rainfall — which was the case during the last three years.

11). Why does the headline ‘Water scarcity looms large in the state’ disturb the people of Rajasthan?

  1. because people of Rajasthan are not familiar with water crisis on a big scale
  2. because water is a very precious commodity for the people of Rajasthan
  3. because the people of Rajasthan have faced the nightmarish experience of water crisis
  4. because Rajasthan has to buy water from other states to overcome water crisis
  5. None of these

12). What happens when water is stored in tanks or dams instead of keeping it underground?

  1. Owing to overuse, it does not last long.
  2. It takes higher maintenance cost as compared to underground water.
  3. The naturalness of water gradually wanes.
  4. It generates war-like situation among the people over its use.
  5. None of these

13). How is the flow of water checked in a watershed area?

  1. by collecting the rain water
  2. Trenches are dug and borders raised so that the water does not go outside.
  3. Irrigation from the watershed area makes free flow of water impossible as there is no surplus water.
  4. In watershed area water is allowed to creep and not run, so there is no free flow of water.
  5. None of these

14). Following watershed management will lead to a scene of dry streams and unfilled tanks in the rainy season. This means that

  1. large quantity of water has sunk beneath the surface of the earth.
  2. large quantity of water has evaporated.
  3. large quantity of water has flown outside.
  4. there will be a water crisis in the near future.
  5. water has become a scarce commodity.

15). What message does the author want to convey through this passage?

  1. There is no dearth of water in our country.
  2. Rajasthan can borrow the surplus water from Madhya Pradesh.
  3. Water scarcity is a man-made phenomenon.
  4. With the help of appropriate strategy and people’s participation water scarcity can be overcome.
  5. None of these

Directions (Q. 16-18): Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

16). LOOMS

  1. appears
  2. depends
  3. assumes
  4. remains
  5. surrounds

17). SOMBRE

  1. diverse
  2. tight
  3. gloomy
  4. reverse
  5. hard

18). EXCAVATED

  1. built
  2. drawn
  3. furnished
  4. surrounded
  5. dug

Directions (Q. 19& 20): Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the word given in bold as used in the passage.

19). UNSTINTED

  1. certain
  2. conditional
  3. mandatory
  4. limited
  5. blind

20). RECEDING

  1. increasing
  2. flying
  3. floating
  4. driving
  5. proportionate

Answers:

Direction (Q 1-5):

  1. Correct Answer is: a

According to meaning and tense of sentence will see will be used.

 

  1. Correct Answer is: b

It will be used because this is wrong to use here.

 

  1. Correct Answer is: c

Sentence is in past tense so tried will be used.

 

  1. Correct Answer is: c

Here we are talking about many films so ‘films’ will be used.

 

  1. Correct Answer is: e

All is correct.

 

Directions (Q. 6-10):

  1. Correct Answer is: d

Replace ‘consider’ with ‘considered’

 

7.Correct Answer is: b

Replace ‘or with ‘from’

 

8). Correct Answer is: a

Replace ‘On’ with ‘From’

 

9). Correct Answer is: c

Replace ‘are’ with ‘is’

 

10). Correct Answer is: e

No error in this sentence

 

Directions (Q. 11-20):

11). Answer: c)

12). Answer: e)

13). Answer: b)

14). Answer: a)

15). Answer: d)

16). Answer: a)

17). Answer: c)

18). Answer: e)

19). Answer: d)

20). Answer: a)

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