RRB PO Mains English (Day-15)

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IBPS RRB PO Prelims

Sentence Completion

Directions (1-5): In the question given below, a short paragraph is given. Select the answer choice that provides the correct sentence that completes the passage and is contextually and grammatically correct:

1 in every 10 worker in India is a child; a child who is guaranteed protections under the Indian Law, and guaranteed an education and mid-day meals, till the age of 14.

_________________________A_______________________________ In fact one could almost say that the chotu has become so ubiquitous, that him not being there would be a bit confusing for some of the regulars. It has been normalized and has become an internalized personality trait of the larger Indian society, which tacitly continues to support the chotu culture at the tea stall and within the home. In fact it’s become so natural that, when engaging with some of our more conscientious friend, both chotu and we, know the routine to pull off. You casually ask chotu how old he is as he cleans your table, and he, with a pail the size of his torso, responds saying he’s 18. His gangly limbs and prepubescent face are a dead giveaway, but now that he’s said he’s 18, there’s not much you can do is there?

According to the UNICEF, there are about 10.1 million children employed in child labour in India today. _________________________B_______________ ____________a child who is guaranteed protections under the Indian Law, and guaranteed an education and mid-day meals, till the age of 14.India has been trying to combat this blight since before it became a republic, with the passing of the Employment of Children Act, 1938. While primitive, it was evident that even under an extractive colonial regime, it was understood that the use of children in the production process was anathema________________________________________________________C______________ This set the tone for the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986 which prevents the employment of children below the age of 14 years in life-threatening occupations identified in a list by the law and finally the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of children Act of 2000 made the employment of children a punishable offence.The JJ Act came into force shortly after India ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), in 1992 and made the offence punishable with imprisonment from three months to one year or with fine no less than INR 10,000–20,000 rupees or with both.________________________________________________ _____D__________________________ , so that they could have a complete education and enter the workforce out of choice and not compulsion. However, even after all this, child labour continues to be the norm in a lot of industries. With the onset of urbanization, while child labour has fallen in the rural regions, it has only increased in the urban, and child labour numbers have climbed from 1.3 million in 2001 to 2 million in 2011. More worryingly, these numbers (as terrible as they are) might not paint the whole picture, as millions of children labourers remain invisible, employed in homes as domestic help, and paid wages that are nowhere near those stipulated by Indian Law
________________________________E_______________________A study by Oxfam further corroborated these findings, in their study of the sugarcane farmers of Uttar Pradesh, where it was found that labour contractors were selling children as labour to small scale farmers, because they were cheaper to feed and didn’t need to be paid.

1) A.

  1. The sight of a chotu running to fetch you a chai on the train platform or at your local tea stall, isn’t much of a sight in India.
  2. Every poor child is a labour in India. They have to work irrespective of the place.
  3. All people are involved in child trafficking.
  4. Child labour has been normalized and has become an internalized personality trait of the larger Indian society
  5. ‘Chotuki Chai’ is the famous documentary based on the bitter truth of child labour.

2) B.

  1. That amounts to approximately 13% of our workforce, or in other words, 1 in every 10 worker in India is a person above 65;
  2. That amounts to approximately 13% of our workforce, or in other words, 1 in every 10 worker in India is a child;
  3. Children are forced to child labour, organ trafficking and drug supply.
  4. It is found that children are the soft target to the evils of the society.
  5. None of the above.

3)  C.

  1. Pre–independence, the Factories Act, 1942 and the Mines Act, 1952, banned the practice of using children below the age of 14 and 18, in their respective production processes.
  2. Post–independence, the Factories Act, 1948 and the Mines Act, 1952, banned the practice of using women below the age of 20 and 65, in their respective production processes.
  3. Post–independence, the Factories Act, 1948 and the Mines Act, 1952, banned the practice of using children below the age of 14 and 18, in their respective production processes.
  4. All the above
  5. None of the above.

4) D.

  1. The Right to Education Act, passed in 2009, was supposed to go beyond awarding people for child labour to creating a conducive environment for building the capabilities of all Indian children.
  2. The Right to Education Act, passed in 2009
  3. was supposed to go beyond punishing people for child labour to creating aconducive environment
  4. The Right to Education Act, passed in 2009, was supposed to go beyond punishing people for child labour to creating a conducive environment for building the capabilities of all Indian children.
  5. The Right to Education is the right of every child till the age of 14.

5) E.

  1. Children are forced to be labourers even when they want to study by the Indian Government.
  2. Many Children all over the world are forced into labour.
  3. Many NGOs have been setup to save children and give them right guidance.
  4. Work here continues, to be gendered with the UNICEF noting that girls are oftenemployed in household domestic labour
  5. Work here continues, to be gendered with the UNICEF noting that girls are often deployed in household domestic labour while boys are sent out to the fields an into the mines.

Sentence Correction

Direction (6-10): There are sets of four statements in question given below which, when connected using the correct sentence structure forms a complete single sentence without altering the meaning of the sentences given in the question. There are four options given below the question, choose the sentence that forms the correct formation of single sentence which is both grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. If none follows, choose (e) as your answer:

6) Belarus is undergoing its most serious political crisis since independence; this eastern European country of nearly 10 million has been ruled by President Alyaksandr Lukashenka since 1994;The former collective farm manager is a great survivor; For over 20 years he has outmanoeuvred political opponents, playing off Russia against the European Union and cracking down on dissent with ruthless efficiency.

  1. Belarus, an eastern European country of 10 million, which has been ruledby President Alyaksandr Lukashenka since 1994, is undergoing its most serious political crisis since independence, and the former collective farmmanager is a great Survivor,for over 20 years he has outwitpolitical opponents, playing off Russia against the European Union and cracking down on dissent with ruthlessefficiency.
  2. Belarus is undergoing its most serious political crisis since independence. This eastern European country of nearly 10 million has been ruled by President Alyaksandr Lukashenka since 1990 as the former collective farm manager is a great survivor. For over 20 years he has outwit political opponents, playing off Russia against the European Union and cracking down on dissent with ruthless inefficiency.
  3. Balarus is a small nation which is ruled by PresidentAlyaksandr Lukashenka who has explicit background they pillared him all the time.
  4. All the above
  5. none of the above

7) Classes shifted to virtual environments in India following the COVID-19 lockdown;Students from remote areas and low-income families who lacked internet access faced tremendous challenges in keeping up with their studies;India entered lockdown in March and only in June began gradually lifting restrictions soclasses were shifted to virtual environments; The classes were shifted despite the fact that only a quarter of all Indian households have internet access.

  1. Education System all over the world has gone a drastic change studies of school going children have been hampered due to this covid-19 pandemic situation. Their classes have gone a change too it has been moved to virtual environment.
  2. Lockdown in India started in March shifting classes to virtual environment which made it difficult for the students from remote areas and low-income families who lacked internet to keep up with their studies,and in June India began gradually lifting restrictions so classes were shifted to virtual environmentsdespite the fact that only a quarter of all Indian households have internet access.
  3. As classes shifted to virtual environments in India following the COVID-19 lockdown, students from remote areas and low-income families who lacked internet access faced tremendous challenges in keeping up with their studies, India entered lockdown in March and only in June began gradually lifting restrictions soclasses were shifted back to normal schedule.
  4. All the above
  5. none of the above

8) A big factor is that some EU countries, Hungary for example, require their citizens returning from North Macedonia to spend two weeks in self-isolation upon arriving home; Germany requires travellers returning from 130 countries designated as risky to conduct mandatory diagnostic tests; These rules vary from country to country;The EU has set up a website Re-Open EUto keep track of them all.

  1. The people all over the world are affected due to covid-19 pandemic situation.
  2. EU countries are adversely affected by the by this pandemic situation incomparison than the rest of the world.
  3. The rules vary from country to country stating the big factor of some EU countries example Hungary require their citizens returning from North Macedonia to spend two weeks in self-isolation upon arriving home and Germany requires travellers returning from 130 countries designated as risky to conduct mandatory diagnostic test.
  4. All the above
  5. None of the above

9) The killing of 46-year-old black American George Floydt by a white police officer in Minneapolis on May 25, 2020,with an outpouring of anger and grief, as Americans took to the streets to protest the police brutality endemic in black communities and the violence to which black people in the United States are routinely subjected;It took place against the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic; The wave of protestsrippled throughout the country;It kicked off a reckoning by the United States of its long history of violence and injustice against its black citizens. 

  1. Not new to the United States, known of its long history of violence and injustice against its black citizens, recently a black American George Floydta46-yesr-old was killed with an outpouring of anger and grief, as Americans took to the streets to protest the police brutality endemic in black communities and the violence to which black people in the United States are routinely subjected.
  2. The racism is all over the world. All countires have to face this irrespective of their region.
  3. The killing of 46-year-old black American George Floydt with an outpouring of anger and grief, as Americans took to the streets to protest the police brutality endemic in black communities and the violence to which black people in the United States, the protest had no base. So it was sued off by the US government.
  4. All the above
  5. none of the above

10) Across Africa, governments and nongovernmental political actors repeatedly deploy tactics; The tactics are to interfere with users’ rights to freedom of expression and access to information online;It is particularly during events of major political significance; An increasing number of African governments disruptaccess to the internet, mobile networks and social media platforms as a strategic tactic to quell dissent and maintain power.

  1. Across Africa, governments and nongovernmental political actors repeatedly deploy tactics to interfere with users’ rights to freedom of expression and access to information online
  2. African governments and nongovernmental political actors repeatedly deploy tactics to interfere with users’ rights to freedom of expression and access to information online, particularly during events of major political significanceas a strategy to quell dissent and maintain power.
  3. All the political organisation give the example of African Corrupt free government.
  4. All the above
  5. none of the above

Answers :

Directions (1-5) :

1) Answer: A

Option B: This statement is not true, it does not match the blank. Thus it is ruled out.

Option C: Child Trafficking is true but all people are not involved and it does not

match the blank. Hence this is incorrect.

Option D: Though this statement is related to the paragraph but it does not fit in the

given blank. Thus this is incorrect option.

Option E: This option is not apt for the blank. Thus this is also incorrect.

Option A: It fits appropriately hence it is the correct answer.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer choice to this question.

2) Answer: B

Option A: Here in the given passage we are talking about child labour but the option

tells us about senior citizen. Thus this option is incorrect.

Option C: Though it is a factual statement but it is not apt for the given blank here.

Thus this option is ruled out.

Option D: This is incorrect option. It does not fit in the blank.

Option E: This option can’t be true as the given question is fill in the blanks and it

has to be filled from the given options.

Option B: It fits appropriately hence it is the correct answer.

Therefore, option B is the correct answer choice to this question.

3) Answer: C

Option A: We all the Indian government was formed after 1947 soon after

independence, thus this option is not correct.

Option B: This option is incorrect as we know we are talking about children and not

women.

Option D: This answer cannot be true as option one correct option can fill in the

given blank.

Option E: This option can’t be true as the given question is fill in the blanks and it

has to be filled from the given options.

Option C: It fits appropriately hence it is the correct answer.

Therefore, option C is the correct answer choice to this question.

4) Answer: D

Option A: The statement fits in the given blank but the word mentioned in the middle of the statement ‘awarding’ alters the full meaning of the sentence. Thus it is contextually incorrect.

Option B: The sentence in this option is incomplete. Hence it is ruled out.

Option C: Grammatically the sentence in this option is incorrect, thus this ruled out.

Option E: This option is incorrect as it is out of context.

Option D: It fits appropriately hence it is the correct answer.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer choice to this question.

5) Answer: E

Option A: This option is incorrect and does not fit in the given blank.

Option B: The Statement is true but it is not apt for the given blank.

Option C: this is a true statement but contextually it does not fit in. Thus it is

incorrect option.

Option D: The statement here is incorrect. Thus it is ruled out.

Option E: It fits appropriately hence it is the correct answer.

Therefore, option E  is the correct answer choice to this question.

Directions (6-10):

6) Answer: A

Option B: This might be grammatically correct but contextually incorrect. As we read

that Alyaksandr Lukashenka was serving as a President since 1994 but in

the option it is given 1990. Thus this option is ruled out.

Option C: This option cannot be correctas the statement given here is false.

Option D: This option is incorrect as the above given options are not reflecting to the

given statement. Hence it is not correct option.

Option E: According to the question among the given option there should be one

given option. Thus it is ruled out.

Option A: The reference given here is the correct answer.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer choice to this question.

7) Answer: B

Option A: This statement is partially correct it alters the meaning of the of the given

question. Thus this option is incorrect.

Option C: Here the given fact is incorrect which alters the meaning given in the

question. Thus it is not the correct choice.

Option D: This option is incorrect as the above given options are not reflecting to the  given statement. Hence it is not correct option.

Option E: According to the question among the given option there should be one

given option. Thus it is ruled out.

Option B: The reference given here is the correct answer.

Therefore, option B is the correct answer choice to this question.

8) Answer: C

Option A: This statement is out of context thus it is not the correct answer.

Option B: When we go through the option we see that the statement is not correct and does not reflect the meaning of the given statements. Thus it is not in reference to the question. Hence this is ruled out.

Option D: This option is incorrect as the above given options are not reflecting to the given statement. Hence it is not correct option.

Option E: According to the question among the given option there should be one given option. Thus it is ruled out.

Option C: The reference given here is the correct answer.

Therefore, option C is the correct answer choice to this question.

9) Answer: A

Option B: This option is out of context thus it is ruled out.

Option C: This option is partially correct and partially incorrect. The US government has taken legal action and is looking into the matter. The statement is not the correct choice.

Option D: This option is incorrect as the above given options are not reflecting to the given statement. Hence it is not correct option.

Option E: According to the question among the given option there should be one given option. Thus it is ruled out.

Option A: The reference given here is the correct answer.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer choice to this question.

10) Answer: B

Option A: the statement in this option does not satisfy the question asked thus this is incorrect.

Option C:  This statement is out of context hence it is not the correct choice.

Option D: This option is incorrect as the above given options are not reflecting to the given statement. Hence it is not correct option.

Option E: According to the question among the given option there should be one given option. Thus it is ruled out.

Option B: The reference given here is the correct answer.

Therefore, option B is the correct answer choice to this question.

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