“20-20” English Question | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 Day-12

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“20-20” English Questions | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 (Day-12)

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Directions (Q. 1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.

There is no shortage of coal mines in India but power industry always suffers from coal shortage. Gap between demand and supply of coal is huge. This gap was 35 million tonnes in 2007 and near about 83 million tonnes in 2012. It is expected that by 2020 the coal shortage would be around 200 million tonnes. Shortage in the supply of coal is impacting the power generation. In 2009 government declared ‘no go’ policy. It put a complete ban on coal mining in forested area. Hence 35% of forest areas in nine prominent coal mines came under ‘no go’ zones. Then the task of mining was given jointly to many companies even the rivals companies. This led to chaos and had never worked. Domestic shortage of coal has never been met by imported coal. This is because of the ownership conflict regarding coal during transit between Coal India and the Indian Railways. Near about 42,000 MW power plants have been built and ready to operate but these lack fuel. Lack of infrastructure and shortage of equipment such as turbines, boilers and generators is another major hurdle and reason of power crisis in India Private investors are discouraged because state electricity boards are unable to buy power at commercial rates. India’s largest thermal power generator, National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) showed a net profit of just 1% in 2010-11. Distribution companies are losing every year. Their accumulated loss in 2010 was Rs 82,000 crore. Hence lack of profit is a major discouragement. For the 12th five year plan (2012-17) the Central Electricity Authority (CEA), major advisory body to the Union power minister, has set a target to generate 100,000 MW of additional power to meet the power demand. It has been accepted by the Planning Commission but not by Environment Ministry as the plan was ecologically unsound. Additional generation of electricity would impact the environment and bring undesirable change in the climate. Hence it never worked out. We also found that no investment in power infrastructure has been done in India for the last 10-15 years. Every political party works on tariff not investment. Because of this most of the electricity companies are going through debt and unable to buy power and meet the demand. Sensing the present and future demand of electricity chances to lessen the load is extremely bleak. For every one percent increase in GDP, additional one percent power is required. If this need is not met then not only power sector but all the other industries will be impacted. Hence government must come up with effective plans to handle the condition of power crisis in India and its capital. India must shift her focus to alternate source of energy like wind and solar to generate power. Government must work on the plans to invest in power sector.

1). Which of the following best defines ‘no go’ zones as given in the passage?

  1. The Planning Commission has called for a careful delimitation of areas where coal mining is going to be totally prohibited.
  2. The forest and Environment ministry had decided to categorise forest and other coal land.
  3. Those areas that have over 70 per cent gross forest cover or over 30 percent weighted forest cover.
  4. Both b and c
  5. None of these

2). Why the generation of additional power could not take place to meet the power demand?

  1. As per the statement of Minister of state for Power, India has surplus power but its distribution is the major problem.
  2. At this stage, it may become apparent that the environmental management and pollution control measures should be devalued.
  3. Concern for environment is now a primary issue in all aspects of human activities.
  4. The India power sector faced two fundamental and interdependent issues.
  5. All of the above

3). Which of the following statement is true as given in the passage?

  1. The production and supply of electricity had not been keeping pace with the growing demand of electricity in the country.
  2. With monsoon rains weak and coal supplies unreliable, could be staring at long spells without power.
  3. Coal is responsible for meeting almost half the energy needs of the entire world.
  4. All of the above
  5. None of these

4). Which of the main hurdles in the operation of newly built power plants?

  1. Emergence of the renewable energy sources such as solar power.
  2. Lack of electricity infrastructure.
  3. Increasing lack of accountability.
  4. All of the above
  5. None of these

5). What does the author mean when he says that ‘Every political party works on tariff not investment’?

  1. Government works in the area of imposing tax on imported goods and services while don’t provide any facility.
  2. Political party internationally does not attract business investments through lower tax rates.
  3. Taking a risk in the hope that the money will grow more quickly.
  4. Suggest a way in which we can preserve consistency in both valuation and capital budgeting.
  5. All of the above

Direction (6-8): Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage-

6). Bleak

  1. Encouraging
  2. Depressing
  3. Sunny
  4. Friendly
  5. Appealing

7). Prominent

  1. Obvious
  2. Bulging
  3. Extrusive
  4. Flashy
  5. Inconspicuous

8). Crisis

  1. Confrontation
  2. Dilemma
  3. Contingency
  4. Breakthrough
  5. Culmination

Direction (9-10): Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage-

9). Sensing

  1. Overlooking
  2. Anticipating
  3. Appreciating
  4. Marking
  5. Disregarding

10). Chaos

  1. System
  2. Harmony
  3. Normality
  4. Turmoil
  5. Disorder

Direction (11-15): In given sentences phrase is represented in bold which may be incorrect so you have to find the correct phrase in place of that if the phrase is correct in the given sentences than mark no correction required as your answer.

  1. The new relationship between the dollar and commodities continued into the first half of 2017; this time around, however, the dollar weak by as much as 5% while commodity prices dropped in tandem.

A) Weaken by

B) Weakened by

C) Has weaken by

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.
  1. While we do not have evidence of who planned her murder, we has lots of evidence concerning those who celebrated and justified her murder.

A) Are having lots of evidence

B) Have lots of evidence

C) Have been having lots of evidence

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.
  1. Finding the balance between India’s democratic ideal sand security interests is always proven to be hard when it comes to Myanmar.

A) Has always proven

B) Was always proven

C) Has always been prove

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.
  1. While the world focuses on the devastating storms in South Asia and the US, it has timely to ask ourselves two broad, related questions.

A) It was timely to ask

B) It is timely to ask

C) It has been timely to ask

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.
  1. While Thursday’s verdict brings closure to the case as far as the arrested accused are concerned, for the relatives and survivors of the terror incident, the case is far to closed.

A) far from closed

B) far to close.

C) Far of closed.

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

Directions (Q. 16-20): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (e).

  1. In an act of defiance, Syrian air force jets took of from the airbase hit by (a)/ American missiles the next day to bomb Islamic State (b)/ locations in the Homs countryside, while Russian (c)/ President Vladimir Putin has sent a warship to the Mediterranean. (d)/ No error (e)
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  4. d
  5. e
  1. The icy welcome offered to U.S. State Secretary Rex Tillerson in Moscow on Wednesday (a)/ underscores the Russian fury, which have thrown the (b)/ possibility of any future Russian-U.S. (c)/ cooperation in finding a political solution to the Syrian war into jeopardy. (d)/ No error (e)
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  4. d
  5. e
  1. The conflicting statements being issued by the officials show (a)/ that he lacks a coherent strategy on (b)/ Syria or the administration are ill-prepared to (c)/ deal with the political consequences of the strike. (d)/ No error (e)
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  4. d
  5. e
  1. The failure of G7 at its Lucca summit early this week to (a)/ reach a consensus on more sanctions (b)/ against Russia over its Syria support (c)/   showed even America’s European allies are divided. (d)/ No error (e)
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  4. d
  5. e
  1. Lastly, the forum would require a tribunal to assess the (a)/ case presented by each island nation (b)/ and to decide whether help from (c)/ the international community are required. (d)/ No error (e)
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  4. d
  5. e

Answers:

Directions (Q. 1-10):

1).Answer: a

2). Answer: c

3). Answer: a

4). Answer: e

5). Answer: a

6). Answer: d

7). Answer: c

8). Answer: e

9). Answer: a

10). Answer: b

Direction (11-15):

  1. Correct Answer is: b

The right answer is ‘weakened by’.

  1. Correct Answer is: b

It is correct because, the pronoun used just before is plural, and the sentence is judgmental in present.

  1. Correct Answer is: a

It is correct because the sentence is in present perfect tense.

  1. Correct Answer is: b

The sentence is in present simple tense so the correct answer will be ‘it is timely to ask’.

  1. Correct Answer is: a

The correct proposition in the phrase should be ‘from’ so the right answer will be ‘far from closed’.

Directions (Q. 16-20):

  1. Correct Answer is: A

Took off is a phrase which means leaving of the ground.

  1. Correct Answer is: B

Has will be used according to subject.

  1. Correct Answer is: c

‘Is’ will be used in place of ‘are’ because subject is in singular form.

  1. Correct Answer is: d

First form of verb will be used according to sentence.

  1. Correct Answer is: d

According to subject is will be used in place of are.

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