RRB PO Mains English (Day-05)

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for RRB PO Mains 2020 so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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Jumbled sentence

Directions (1-5): Some statements are given below in jumbled fashion. Arrange the parts of the statement. Also one of the parts may or may not contain grammatical error after the arrangement. If the part does not contain any error mark it as E. Based on these three statements, answer the questions following statements.

1) Identify the correct rearrangement for statement (II). Also, identify the phrase which contains grammatical error?

(I) did have limited or no income-earning opportunities,(A)/labour economist KR Shyama Sundar said (B)/ since a clutch of such workers, consequent to the Covid-19 pandemic, (C)/ they were left with very less liquidity which might have prevented them to come forward and get himself enrolled under the pension scheme”(D)/

(II) and it’s contribution for at least six month(A)/ the government can make both the workers’ (B)/to keep the social security mechanism intact,(C)/which could be recouped at a later date, he said”(D)/

(III) and manufactured products should be deployed by BSNL for its 4G roll-out,(A)/ and the state-run firm should redraft its tender to support local models of equipment(B)/the Niti Aayog is pitch that only locally-designed (C)/in order to achieve self-reliance in telecom,(D)/

A) CBAD; A

B) BADC; B

C) DCAB; A

D) BCAD; D

E) No arrangement required

2) Identify the correct rearrangement for statement (I). Also, identify the phrase which contains grammatical error?

(I) did have limited or no income-earning opportunities,(A)/labour economist KR Shyama Sundar said(B)/ since a clutch of such workers, consequent to the Covid-19 pandemic, (C)/ they were left with very less liquidity which might have prevented them to come forward and get himself enrolled under the pension scheme”(D)/

(II) and it’s contribution for at least six month(A)/ the government can make both the workers’ (B)/to keep the social security mechanism intact,(C)/which could be recouped at a later date, he said”(D)/

(III) and manufactured products should be deployed by BSNL for its 4G roll-out,(A)/ and the state-run firm should redraft its tender to support local models of equipment(B)/the Niti Aayog is pitch that only locally-designed (C)/in order to achieve self-reliance in telecom,(D)/

A) CBAD; C

B) BADC; B

C) DCAB; A

D) BCAD; D

E) No arrangement required

3) Identify the correct rearrangement for statement (III). Also, identify the phrase which contains grammatical error?

(I) did have limited or no income-earning opportunities,(A)/labour economist KR Shyama Sundar said(B)/ since a clutch of such workers, consequent to the Covid-19 pandemic, (C)/ they were left with very less liquidity which might have prevented them to come forward and get himself enrolled under the pension scheme”(D)/

(II) and it’s contribution for at least six month(A)/ the government can make both the workers’ (B)/to keep the social security mechanism intact,(C)/which could be recouped at a later date, he said”(D)/

(III) and manufactured products should be deployed by BSNL for its 4G roll-out,(A)/ and the state-run firm should redraft its tender to support local models of equipment(B)/the Niti Aayog is pitch that only locally-designed (C)/in order to achieve self-reliance in telecom,(D)/

A) CBAD; C

B) BADC; B

C) DCAB; C

D) BCAD; D

E) No arrangement required

4) Identify the correct rearrangement for statement (II). Also, identify the phrase which contains grammatical error?

(I) if he’s ineligible for one due to his age(A)/ or pre-existing health conditions,(B)/ it may fall upon you to ensure he’s covered through(C)/ your employer-provided group health cover(D)/

(II) for smartphones and many companies have had to resort to (A)/factors like nearly two month of lockdown(B)/ and people working and studying from home have created a pent-up demand(C)/expensive imports to meet the demanding spurt, they said(D)/

(III) since oil companies on June 7 restarted revising prices(A)/ the 15th daily increase in rates (B)/has taken diesel prices to fresh highs ”(C)/in line with costs after ending an 82-day hiatus in rate revision,(D)/

A) CBAD; C

B) BADC; B

C) DCAB; A

D) BCAD; B

E) No arrangement required

5) Identify the correct rearrangement for statement (III). Also, identify the phrase which contains grammatical error?

(I) if he’s ineligible for one(A)/ due to his age or pre-existing health conditions,(B)/ it may fall upon you to ensure(C)/ he’s covered through your employer-provided group health cover.(D)/

(II) for smartphones and many companies have had to resort to (A)/factors like nearly two months of lockdown(B)/ and people working and studying from home have created a pent-up demand(C)/expensive imports to meet the demanding spurt, they said(D)/

(III) since oil companies on June 7 restarted revising prices(A)/ the 15th daily increase in rates (B)/has taken diesel prices to fresh highs ”(C)/in line with costs after ending an 82-day hiatus in rate revision,(D)/

A) CBAD; C

B) BADC; E

C) DCAB; A

D) BCAD; D

E) No arrangement required

Cloze Test

Directions (6-10): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.

Inside the tiny fossils, researchers can see what (6) …… to be cells, some frozen in the process of dividing. Others contain darkened balls that look just like nuclei, the cellular structures that store DNA. And one cell even seems to contain dark, (7) …… coils that resemble chromosomes, the condensed strands of proteins and DNA that form during cell division.

“It’s a subcellular level of (8) …… that’s never been reported before in a vertebrate,” says Alida Bailleul, a postdoctoral researcher at China’s Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology and lead author of the new study.

To test the fossilized material, the researchers applied stains that bind to DNA in living cells to the bits of dinosaur skull. These stains stuck (9) …… particular spots within the fossil cells, making them glow in fluorescent red and blue. As far as the researchers can tell, whatever the stains are binding to are (10) …… from the dinosaur’s original molecules, not an outside contaminant such as bacteria.

6)  Inside the tiny fossils, researchers can see what (6) …… to be cells, some frozen in the process of dividing.

A) culpable

B) appear

C) orator

D) vengeance

E) None of these

7)  And one cell even seems to contain dark, (7) …… coils that resemble chromosomes, the condensed strands of proteins and DNA that form during cell division.

A) tangled

B) reproach

C) sluggard

D) cosset

E) None of these

8) “It’s a subcellular level of (8) …… that’s never been reported before in a vertebrate,” says Alida Bailleul, a postdoctoral researcher at China’s Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology and lead author of the new study.

A) forge

B) entice

C) abhor

D) preservation

E) None of these

9) These stains stuck (9) …… particular spots within the fossil cells, making them glow in fluorescent red and blue.

A) on

B) by

C) for

D) of

E) None of these

10) As far as the researchers can tell, whatever the stains are binding to are (10) …… from the dinosaur’s original molecules, not an outside contaminant such as bacteria.

A) derived

B) assiduously

C) inimical

D) skewing

E) None of these

Answers :

Directions (1-5) :

1) Answer: A

Here the sentence says the government should make their contribution as well as contribution of workers for six months to maintain the social security mechanism.

So the arrangement it follows is CBAD

After rearrangement, the correct sentence will be “ To keep the social security mechanism intact,(C)/ the government can make both the workers’ (B)/and its contribution for at least six month(A)/ which could be recouped at a later date, he said”(D)/

In part A ‘it’s’ should be replaced with ‘its’ as it refers to ‘it is’.

2) Answer: D

Here the first statement must be sentence B which refers to the labour minister, followed by C, A and D that says due to poor economic conditions poor workers can not get themselves enrolled under the pension scheme.

So the arrangement it follows is BCAD

After rearrangement correct sentence will be “Labour economist KR Shyama Sundar said(B)/ since a clutch of such workers, consequent to the Covid-19 pandemic, (C)/did have limited or no income-earning opportunities,(A)/ they were left with very less liquidity which might have prevented them to come forward and get themselves enrolled under the pension scheme”(D)/

‘Himself’ should be  replaced with ‘themselves’ as here all poor labours are concerned and ‘might have prevented them’ preceding ‘himself’ which does not make any sense.

3) Answer: C

Here the first part must be D that says  to achieve self-reliance in telecom followed by C that says according to Niti Aayog what should be done, followed by A and B that says BSNL should use only domestically manufactured products for their 4G roll-out.

So the arrangement it follows is DCAB

After rearrangement correct sentence will be “In order to achieve self-reliance in telecom,(D)/ the Niti Aayog is pitching that only locally-designed (C)/and manufactured products should be deployed by BSNL for its 4G roll-out,(A)/ and the state-run firm should redraft its tender to support local models of equipment(B)/ ”

In part C ‘is pitch’ should be replaced with ‘is pitching’ as the part is in present continuous tense.

4) Answer: D

Here the statement says due to lockdown people are working from home using smartphones which created huge demand and to fulfill that companies are now importing products.

So the arrangement it follows is BCAD

After rearrangement correct sentence will be “Factors like nearly two months of lockdown(B)/ and people working and studying from home have created a pent-up demand(C)/ for smartphones and many companies have had to resort to (A)/expensive imports to meet the demanding spurt, they said(D)/”

‘nearly two month of lockdown’ should be replaced with ‘nearly two months of lockdown’ as ‘two’ is a plural quantity so we need a plural noun here.

5) Answer: B

Here the statement says that there is a continuous increase of oil prices  after a long 82 day drop of prices has taken diesel prices to fresh highs

So the arrangement it follows is BADC

After rearrangement correct sentence will be “The 15th daily increase in rates (B)/since oil companies on June 7 restarted revising prices(A)/ in line with costs after ending an 82-day hiatus in rate revision,(D)/ has taken diesel prices to fresh highs ”(C)/

Here all parts are true.

Directions (6-10) :

6) Answer:  B

In the given sentence, only ‘appear’ makes it grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Option A): is incorrect because culpable means deserving blame which does not fit here.

Option B): is the correct alternative among the following as appear means come into sight; become visible or noticeable, especially without apparent cause which fit here both grammatically and contextually

Option C): is incorrect as orator means a public speaker, especially one who is eloquent or skilled.

Option D): is incorrect as Vengeance means revenge which does not fit here contextually.

7) Answer:  A

In the given sentence, only ‘tangled’ makes it grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Option A): is the correct alternative among the following as ‘tangled ’ means twisted together untidily which fit here both grammatically and contextually

Option B): is incorrect as reproach means express to (someone) one’s disapproval of or disappointment in their actions which does not make any sense here.

Option C): is incorrect as sluggard means a lazy, sluggish person.

Option D): is incorrect as cosset means care for and protect in an overindulgent way which does not fit here contextually.

8) Answer:  D

In the given sentence, only ‘preservation’ makes it grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Option A): is incorrect because forge means create (something) strong, enduring, or successful which does not fit here.

Option B): is incorrect as entice means attract or tempt by offering pleasure or advantage which does not make any sense here. Also it is a verb but we need a noun here.

Option C): is incorrect as ‘abhor’ means regard with disgust and hatred which is a verb that does not fit here.

Option D): is the correct alternative among the following as ‘preservation ’ means the action of preserving something which fit here both grammatically and contextually

10) Answer:  A

In the given sentence, only ‘derived’ makes it grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Option A is the correct alternative among the following as derived means obtain something from (a specified source) which perfectly fits in the blank both grammatically and contextually

Option B is incorrect as assiduously means with great care and perseverance which does not make any sense here. Also it is an adverb but we need a verb here.

Option C is incorrect because inimical which is an adjective that means tending to obstruct or harm.

Option D is incorrect because ‘skewing’ means being able to change or influence something with a result that is not fair which is both grammatically and contextually wrong.

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